Burma Junta is 100 Times Worse than What the Kadafi


by ASN,

Ruler of Burma is expressible as 100 times worse than what the Kadafi of Libya. Yet, no mechanism can force the dictator to abide by domestic or intl norms and the system routed a threat to intl peace and security. UN has to truly act to bring democratic changes in Burma. At least UN must achieve to halt military regime’s brutalities. As well as failure occurred in taking action. It shows the UN’s system is not acted according its roles.

However, the world has well escalated its counter terrorisms against civilians from year;

  • In 1962, Ne Win over throw the U Nu government, dismissed parliament and arrested members of government and ethnic leaders.
  • On 7th July 1962, military broke-up students demonstration by bombing at Rangon university and killings 15 students.
  • In Dec 1974, killing 100 students in relating to UN former secretary U Thant funeral uprising.
  • In 1975, 1976, 1977, killings in student protests.
  • In 1967, killings 400 activists in the rice agitation protest for starvation in Akyab, Arakan state.
  • In 1970, adoption of new law restricted tourist, journalist and travelling of its citizen.
  • In 8888, crack-down on pro-democracy movement and killings 3000 people.
  • In 1990 election period, detention of 2000 people nation wide including ethnic leaders and elected member of parliaments.
  • Detention of NLD members and the other human right activists, some in 1994, about hundred in 1996, about 300 students by cracked down the student demonstration in 1996, again about 100 of NLD members in 1998.
  • On 30 May 2003-Depayin massacre, attacking by truck load resulted about 70 people killed and arrested more than hundred people.
  • In 2004, detained some activists and ethnic leaders including NDPHR’s MP.
  • On Sept 2007-Saffron Revolution, at least 31 people shot dead involving foreign reporters and arrests of about 200 monks in all over the country and activists.
  • On Nov 2008, 113 activists including 88-generations were sentenced 6 months to 65 years.
  • Exercising phenomenon arrests, imprisonments and tortures of activists including foreign activists, have been increased
  • Further responsibility for bringing the nation into shortage, hoarding, inflation, corruption, restriction of international AID supply and attribution of ongoing conflicts in the circumstances of natural disasters particularly in Cyclone Nargis
  • Introduction of brutality military constitution : torture in investigation, imprisonment without trial, extension of sentence, killings in custody, depriving rights and legitimacy.
  • Mobilising child soldier estimated about 70,000 and convincing to join in counter violations, force labour, human rights violations, instigation and creation of ethnic tensions.
  • Waging war with ethnic minorities particularly Karen and slow genocide towards Rohingya are considered as ethnic cleansing pogrom. In Chan, Karen, Mon and Chin states, thousands of civilians had been killed for waging wars and hundreds of villages destroyed by firing, rape-war against women, forms of brutality persecutions, extra judicial execution by branding the state terror and displacing thousands people. The attacks reached along the border and inside refugee camps of Thailand in 1995 and 1996.
  • Repression and forceful eviction operations in 1967, 1978, 1991 and continuous persecution against Rohingyas are;

    1967/68 Ngazinka Operation in Kyauktaw, about hundred Rohingyas were slaughtered, women were raped, properties and lands confiscated, destructed villages and ancient religious buildings.

    1978-Nagamin Operation, displaced hundreds of thousand of Rohingyas including destruction of villages, imprisonment, arbitrary tortures and killings and looting cash, properties and lands. On Feb 6, the operation introduced firstly in the biggest Rohingya village Sakkipara of Akyab and started mass arrests and killings. On 11 Feb 1978, hundreds of Rohingyas from Akyab were loaded by ships and sank in Akyab-bay. On March, it reached at Buthidaung and Maungdaw and started rapes, killings, imprisonments. Within 3 months, about 300,000 Rohingyas took shelter in makeshift camp erected by Bangladesh government. In Kyauktaw, several ships led by department of immigration landed to load Rohingyas. Authorities and some de-factor Rakhines collaboration caused about 100 Rohingyas killed.

    1991-Pyitaya Operation, displaced again hundreds of thousand of Rohingyas including destruction of villages, imprisonment, arbitrary tortures and killings and seized cash, properties and lands. As a pro-operation, the biggest Rohingya village Sakkipara in Sittwe, was demolished. In the middle of 1992, 268,000 Rohingyas from Maungdaw, Buthidaung, Rathidaung and Akyab were uploaded as refugees. Along the operation, hundreds of model village settlement had been located at the lands of Rohingyas in all over Arakan state.

  • Killings and arbitrary punishment of Rohingyas who found in travelling are escalated as the following;

    18 Rohingyas from Kyauktaw were arrested in Taungkup-Ann township and beaten to death in 1992. One of the victim’s was Husein and his brother Hassan now living in Norway.

    Rohingyas from Maungdaw were arrested in Pann-Mraung of Mrauk Oo by military regime-377 and executed in 1993

    12 Rohingyas of Kyauktaw township and 2 Chins, were arrested by military in frontier area of Namada village and brought to Paletwa township of Chin state in 1994. After an interrogation was made by senior Military Intelligence (MI-10) of Kyauktaw, U Myo Khin, 7 persons were shot dead by Colonel Aung Kyaw Thein in Nonbu village and the rest 7 persons were also shot dead by Sub-Commander in Roukchaung village. The report provided- ‘suspects found in black area were shot to death’.

    More than thousand Rohingyas youth in Maungdaw were arrested by military and shot death in 1994/95.
    In 1994/95, 11 Muslims of Kyauk-ni-maw were captured in Taungup and sank into the river after tied up and packed by gunny.

    In the end of 1997, a group of Rohingyas 7 people from Akyab were arrested in Tandwe township and sentenced 7 years imprisonment under section 5/nya. Some of them were now living in China border after released from prison.

    In 2000 June,One of the group was 7 persons including a family with 12yo child and mother were convicted 7 to 22 years jail.

    In 2003,15 Rohingyas of Akyab arrested in Yangon were sent back to Akyab then sentenced 7 years imprisonment. Some of them were from the above-stated the first group of 7 people sentenced in end of 1997.

    On 19 Sept 2008, 136 Rohingyas of Akyab who prepared for travelling were captured in Rechanbyin village of Akyab and sent to prison. 5 men of them lifted to Yangon and 7 of their relatives living in Yangon were also detained. The rest who left in Akyab prison were detained about 6 months according to the state military command commander’s instruction and released by Kyat 1 to 3 lakh payment.

    On 07 October 2009in Kyauktaw, the immigration authority detained 30 Rohingya activists for their refusing TRC (Temporary Registration Card) identity.

    A group of about 54 Muslims from Kyauknimaw have been detained in Kyaukfru Prison since the end of 2009 after a confrontation was occurred between a man who travel to Kyaukfru and Immigration. He was beaten brutally by military for the result of failing to report on time and expired the 3 days Temporary Travelling Permit (TTP). The victim and his family have been escaped after the event but innocent traders and active headmen were arrested under the order of the state’s command commander. Finally, they all have been sentenced up to 20 years imprisonment by the court of Kyaukfru at the end of year 2010.

Unfortunately, investigation of ICJ is not able to launch for lack of various supports. It is also question for the intl court’s weakness despite we have resourceful evidences to support it.

It is regrettable for continuously allowing of the military junta’s brutalities towards civilians. It is time that UN must take action by militarily, instead of the unworkable economic sanctions. There is nothing to depend on Burma’s neighbours or its counter part countries or its societies because they can’t bring peace and security of the people.

Thankfully,

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