A Year After Landing in Indonesia, Rohingyas Linger in Camps

Source Benarnews, 02 Mar


Sanuar Begum (right) enjoys a meal with husband Abdul Roshid (second from left) and relatives at a camp in Bayeun, East Aceh Regency, April 23, 2016.Nurdin Hasan/BenarNews

Sanuar Begum was among more than 1,000 Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar who landed in the Indonesian province of Aceh last May, when local fishermen rescued boatloads of desperate and hungry passengers off smugglers’ vessels abandoned at sea.

A year later, only about 250 Rohingyas remain at four refugee camps scattered across the province. But although many of her fellow residents at the Bayeun camp in East Aceh Regency complain about being idle and only being able to “eat, sleep, and pray,” because their refugee status prevents them from applying for local jobs, Sanuar and some others say they are relatively content in their present situation.

“My husband says it is much better here because Acehnese are good people. They welcome us very well,” Sanuar, 20, told BenarNews.

Although she had the opportunity to try to leave Aceh and travel with two older sisters to Malaysia – a prime destination in Southeast Asia for Rohingyas – Sanuar said she turned down the offer because she was pregnant at the time. She has since given birth to a baby boy, Muhammad Nasrullah.

Sanuar and the others were part of a mass exodus by sea that saw more than 3,000 undocumented Rohingyas from Myanmar and migrants from Bangladesh come ashore during an irregular migration crisis that hit Southeast Asia in May 2015, and was precipitated by a Thai crackdown on human trafficking and a Thai maritime blockade on smugglers’ boats.

The residents at Bayeun were so-called “Green Boat” passengers rescued by Acehnese fishermen in the Strait of Malacca on May 20, 2015, after the governments of Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia refused to allow their vessel to land.

As many as 434 passengers were rescued in that incident, including dozens of Bangladeshi migrants. Now some100 Rohingya refugees are left at the camp in Bayeun. Since May 2015, more than 800 Bangladeshis and Rohingyas have been repatriated in three batches, according to local officials.

The camp is housed in an abandoned paper mill. The refugees live there and are supported by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) through aid from Japan, the United States and European Union.

Many of the Rohingyas are children who have learned to speak Indonesian fluently. Some of the grown-up residents have married other inmates and dozens of babies have been born at the camps across Aceh.

“I wish to stay in Aceh forever. But if I was not allowed, I would move to Australia or the United States, according to the IOM. So my wife, five of our children and I can live in peace,” Jamal, a 37-year-old Rohinyga resident of the camp, told BenarNews.

Busy but jobless

But others say they are tired of remaining idle and want jobs so they can earn some money for their families back in Myanmar.

When asked what they had been doing for almost a year in Aceh, some replied in unison, “Here we only sleep, eat, sleep again and pray.”

Many of the other Rohingyas had left the camp in search of jobs in Malaysia, where the average wage for Rohingyas is 50 ringgit (U.S. $12.70) per month, Jamal said.

Like countless Rohingyas, Jamal escaped from Myanmar where members of the Muslim minority flee religious persecution and are treated as second-class citizens.

“I was a cook in a hotel. When the riots occurred, I was beaten up. They fired me after that and I lost my job,” he told Benar, referring to riots in his home state of Rakhine in 2012.

Jamal stands out from his fellow inmates at the camp. He keeps up his dignity by wearing a suit every day, along with a pair of donated shoes.

“I have to save my money. I bought their belongings provided by IOM and I sold them to a nearby market. I have five kids and a wife to feed,” he said.

To kill their boredom while being jobless, other residents spend their time at the camp planting vegetables and raising chickens.

Others take English and Arabic classes, as well as learn other skills.

rohingya-reading.jpgRohingyas learn English from textbooks at the camp in Bayeun, March 27, 2016. (Nurdin Hasan/BenarNews)

“We bought the vegetables planted in their garden, and feed them from their own garden. So they can earn a small amount of money. If they can harvest abundantly, we help them sell it in the market,” said Usman A. Rahman, a local government official who is in charge of the camp in Bayeun.

The local government has been working together with IOM and the U.N. refugee agency to train the camp’s residents in various skills, he said. For example, the women have been taking sewing classes.

“We hope that when someday they move to other countries, they have already mastered some skills to easily get jobs,” Usman told BenarNews, noting that the Indonesian government’s policy did not allow refugees to obtain jobs in the country.

‘All I can do now is pray’

Some of the Rohingyas were arrested in North Sumatra after escaping from the refugee camps and while trying to leave for Malaysia.

They were eventually returned to the camps in Aceh.

These include Asia Hatu, 23, and her son Muhammad Harun, 6.

“I wanted to leave because my husband is in Malaysia. But now I give up. I don’t want to run away anymore,” she told BenarNews. “All I can do now is pray. I just hope that one day there is a miracle that will reunite me with my husband.”


Burmese exploited in Thai tourism sector: report

Source dvb, 10 dec

A woman who works at a hotel in Phuket shows her work permit in her passport. PHOTO: Schyst Resande/Fair Action

A woman who works at a hotel in Phuket shows her work permit in her passport. PHOTO: Schyst Resande/Fair Action

Many migrants working as waiters, gardeners and cleaners in Thailand’s tourism sector face below minimum wage pay, discrimination and no paid leave, according to an investigation of labour abuses in the country.

More than 30 million tourists are expected to visit Thailand’s palm-fringed islands, white beaches, temples and vibrant nightlife this year, and the sector accounts for some 10 percent of national gross domestic product.

However, a report on Wednesday by Swedish groups Schyst Resande and Fair Action found evidence that many migrant workers from Thailand’s poorer neighbour Burma are being exploited in the southern resorts of Khao Lak and Phuket, at hotels used by three of Sweden’s top tour operators.

In all, 29 migrants were interviewed for the report, 18 of them working mainly as cleaners, gardeners and waiters in seven hotels used by REWE Group’s Apollo, TUI Group’s Fritidsresor and Thomas Cook Group’s Ving.

The others were employed by companies supplying the hotels with services and goods including a bakery and laundry company.

“Among those we interviewed, it seems worse for those that work at the suppliers. They have longer working days, they have less vacation and they also face a lot of discrimination,” said Fair Action project manager Amanda Söderlund.

In a joint statement, Ving, Fritidsresor and Apollo said violations of national and international laws could mean the termination of a contract with a hotel.

“There are few companies and organizations that can control all supply chains in all countries of the world,” the statement said. “Ving, Fritidsresor and Apollo are together working with thousands of hotels worldwide, it is difficult for us to follow up on all these individual hotels.”

The operators said that was why they were working with Travelife, a certification scheme for hotels focused on environmental standards and fair working conditions.


Almost two-thirds of the migrants in Fair Action’s report said they were paid less than the Southeast Asian country’s daily minimum wage of 300 baht (US$8.35), with a far higher proportion among migrants employed by hotel suppliers.

Three laundry staff said they worked up to 19 hours a day during the peak tourism season with only two days off a month. Another reported working 16-hour shifts with no time off.

Several workers described not being paid for taking time off to treat burns and other injuries sustained in the work place.

Thai workers, by contrast, received higher salaries and better benefits, including better accommodation, longer holidays and maternity and sick leave, the report said.

Söderlund said concerns about “illegally low wages” paid to migrant workers were raised with the same tour operators in a 2012 Fair Action investigation, but little action had been taken.

“We think that the tour operators should step up and take responsibility. They have known there are issues for several years. They can make an impact if they take their responsibility seriously,” Söderlund told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

The operators said only one fifth of the Swedes visiting Thailand travelled with them. “It takes more than three tour operators to make sustainable change occur,” they said.

Thailand has come under increasing scrutiny over its treatment of migrants following allegations of human trafficking, abuse and exploitation in the fishing industry and more recently, the processing of chicken for export.

It is one of the region’s biggest importers of migrant labour, yet regulations are enforced loosely and many workers face exploitation and ill-treatment.

Employers frequently confiscate identification documents to keep unregistered workers from running off and to maintain pay rates below the national minimum wage.

Last year, the US State Department downgraded Thailand to its Tier 3 list of worst offenders in an annual ranking of nations by their efforts to combat human trafficking.

The full report can be accessed here: No Holidays for the Burmese

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Obama Praises Refugees in Malaysia: ‘Excited’ to See What You Do in America

Source Breitbart, 21 Nov

Barack Obama (C) speaks with children between the ages of seven and nine as he tours the Dignity for Children Foundation in Kuala Lumpur on November 21, 2015.Ssul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images

by Charlie Spiering21 Nov 2015698

President Obama is using his visit to a refugee center in Malaysia to highlight the plight of Rohingya Muslim refugees from Myanmar and remind the world that he’s committed to bringing more refugees to America.

“I’m very excited to see what the individuals sitting around this table end up doing in the United States of America, because my suspicion is that they’re going to do great things,” he said. Obama spoke after visiting a group of refugees at the Dignity for Children Foundation in Malaysia who were on their way to settle in the United States.

“As long as I’m President, we’re going to keep on stepping up and making sure that America remains as it has always been, a place where people who, in other parts of the world, are subject to discrimination or violence, that they have in America a friend and a place of refuge,” he said.

The president has spent his week overseas voicing criticism for Republicans and Democrats who responded to the terrorist attacks in Paris by raising security concerns over Syrian refugees.

The president took the opportunity to remind Americans that the refugees present were “indistinguishable from any child in America” and deserved “love and protection and stability and an education.” He insisted that the nation was a “beacon of hope” for refugees worldwide, reminding Americans that it was their duty to respond to the suffering.

“That’s American leadership. That’s when we’re the shining light on the hill,” he said. “Not when we respond on the basis of fear.”

More to be done for the Rohingyas

Source nst, 20 Oct

The hands of a Rohingya victim of trafficking, forced onto a boat in Myanmar for a tortuous two-month-long journey, beaten and kicked by traffickers as he watched scores die of starvation and thirst along the way. Reuters pix.

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia has taken proactive measures to address the Rohingya migrants issue, including having frequent meetings with Myanmar and raising the matter on different platforms such as Asean, the OIC and the United Nations.

Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Anifah Aman told the Dewan Rakyat today that Myanmar must take bigger and concrete measures to resolve the issue.

“We have again expressed our concern to Myanmar in our meeting with President U Thein Sien during his visit here in March.

“During the visit, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak had voiced his concern over the number of Rohingya refugees in Malaysia who are in poor condition.

“Malaysia has also taken initiatives to help the refugees through ministerial meetings with Thailand and Indonesia to seek a common solution," he said in reply to a question by Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang (Pas-Marang).

Following the meeting, he said Malaysia and Indonesia had agreed to provide assistance on humanitarian grounds to help some 7,000 Rohingya refugees who had drifted to the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Bay.

"Malaysia as the Asean chair had used its platform to regularly voice its concern and call for a more active role by Myanmar to solve the issue including during 48th Asean Foreign Ministerial Meeting held here in August," he said.

Amnesty International says Rohingya death toll higher than UN estimates

Source aljazeera, 21 Oct

Rohingya migrants stand and sit on a boat drifting in Thai waters off the southern island of Koh Lipe in the Andaman sea on May 14, 2015. A boat crammed with scores of Rohingya migrants -- including many young children -- was found drifting in Thai waters on May 14, with passengers saying several people had died over the last few days. AFP PHOTO / Christophe ARCHAMBAULT
Rohingya migrants stand and sit on a boat drifting in Thai waters off the southern island of Koh Lipe in the Andaman sea on May 14, 2015. A boat crammed with scores of Rohingya migrants — including many young children — was found drifting…

Human rights group details beatings and abuse faced on boats by ethnic minority seeking refuge from Myanmar

Hundreds or even thousands of Rohingya refugees fleeing persecution in Myanmar may have died at sea this year, according to a new report by Amnesty International, which says the number of those who have died attempting the treacherous boat journey to Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia is "much higher" than U.N. estimates.

The U.N. refugee agency, UNHCR, has estimated that 370 refugees have died this year in the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in search of safety and a better life. But Amnesty International said in a press release that "hundreds — if not thousands — of people remain unaccounted for, and may have died during their journeys or have been sold for forced labor."

The human rights organization said that it believes the number of Rohingya refugees deaths is "much higher" than the UNHCR figures, based on testimony from eyewitnesses who said they saw dozens of large boats full of refugees and migrants in similar circumstances — despite only five boats arriving in Indonesia and Malaysia, according to Amnesty’s U.N. sources.

The Rohingya are a Muslim minority group living in Myanmar, which has a Buddhist majority. Although Rohingya families have lived in the country for generations, they were stripped of citizenship in the 1980s and are viewed by authorities in Myanmar as illegal immigrants from neighboring Bangladesh. In recent years,they have been subjected to anti-Rohingya propaganda and violence.

UNHCR has said that since 2014 more than 1,100 refugees who have departed by sea from Bangladesh or Myanmar have died, and an additional 1,000 people — who were thought to be at sea in May of this year — remain unaccounted for. The majority of the refugees are believed to be Rohingya, but also include many Bangladeshis.

Boat crews abandoned thousands of people in the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in May, after a trafficking crackdown by Thai authorities. The crackdown coincided with the discovery of several mass graves, containing bodies believed to be migrants, along the Malaysia-Thailand border.

Several Rohingya interviewed by Amnesty for its report detailed abuses they had witnessed and faced while at sea.

In one such incident, a 20-year-old Rohingya man, who said he spent eight months on a ship anchored off the coast of Thailand, said he was beaten with plastic pipes with metal inside until his family wired a $1,700 ransom payment demanded by traffickers. He was then transferred to another ship and was eventually taken to Indonesia.

In another case, a 15-year-old girl said traffickers demanded a $1,700 payment to secure her release from a large boat, where she said she had been frequently beaten. The girl told Amnesty that the boat crew called her father, who was at a refugee camp in Bangladesh, and made him listen to her crying as they beat her while demanding the ransom payment.

Other witnesses told Amnesty that people who became sick or were unable to pay a ransom were killed.

While Indonesia and Malaysia have allowed asylum-seekers to stay until May 2016, Amnesty has called on the governments to do more, and for international agencies to take "coordinated action against human trafficking in a way that does not put people’s lives or human rights at risk."

A Baby Died and Some Beaten-up While Approach for Refugee Registration at UNHCR in Malaysia

by Kerry,

A two months old baby was died from suffocation and at least 4 people were beaten-up on their approach for refugee registration at UNHCR in Malaysia.
A Burmese refugee known as Ko Kyaw said, “we heard the UNHCR has opening registration for refugees so I myself and 22 others approached to UNHCR office from midnight but at the time about a thousand people were already gathering there. By morning, only about a hundred were allowed to enter into UNHCR premise.”

The Sail: ‘Burmese Asylum-seekers waiting outside for registration”

Ko Kyaw further added that “UNHCR has deployed security and military staffs inside the premise and we were forced to stay outside under the sun. Around 1.30pm, a  lady screamed after she noticed her baby is not responding. It was a big crowd and sunny as well, therefore  the baby was died from suffocation in her mother chest.”
Another man who want to be unnamed said, “some people were unhappy with the moment after hearing of the baby died so they started shouting towards UNHCR office and some climbed onto the front wall of UNHCR. Suddenly, the military personnels who are deployed inside responded by beating with steaks so at least four people got injuries. A few minutes later, the police forces with trucks were interfered by waving steaks and asked all outside to leave the premise. I had to leave without registration after along wait up to 2.30pm from mid-night.”

A Brief Presentation on Rohingya

Pl read “A Brief Presentation on Rohingya” by clicking the below link-

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Bill Shorten-ing the lives of Asylum Seekers : Get killed in your lands, Not on our shores

Source Riserefugee,

RISE: Refugees, Survivors and Ex-detainees, condemns the leader of the opposition Australian Labor Party (ALP), Bill Shorten, for his support of the Abbott government’s policy of pushing back refugee boats. Bill Shorten has made disingenuous claims that such a policy is required to “stop deaths at sea”.

If Mr. Shorten was genuinely concerned about deaths at sea, why was he silent when hundreds of Rohingya refugees lost their lives in the Asia Pacific region during the last few months? They were left floating in the middle of the ocean in leaky boats for several weeks while countries, including Australia and Malaysia, pushed them back into the sea.

Meanwhile, Bill Shorten and his advisors continue to peddle the dodgy Malaysian “refugee resettlement” deal pushed by the Gillard government back in 2011 as a “safe” option. This deal involved the deportation of refugees who came to Australia by boat to Malaysia, a country that has not signed the UN torture convention let alone the UN refugee convention. Stateless Rohingya refugees could not be included in the resettlement quota that was part of this deal due to a bureaucratic technicality that places them in a separate UNHCR category.

It is in Malaysia that more than 300 bodies of suspected Rohingya human trafficking victims were discovered in mass graves this year. ALP policy makers also ignore the fact that, in addition to hosting over 100,000 refugees, Malaysia also has about 90,000 stateless people in the island of Borneo; their struggle for Malaysian citizenship rights remains unresolved.

As Australian politicians trumpet their white supremacist “Stop the Boats” mantra cloaked in faux compassion for refugee deaths, they conveniently ignore Australia’s hand in the US invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan, one of the largest sources of forcibly displaced people in the world. This rhetoric from our politicians shroud refugee deaths on land and sea due to increasing militarisation of borders, such as Australia’s own “Operation Sovereign borders”, while weakening already inadequate humanitarian safeguards.

Australian politicians have also misappropriated the narratives of the Vietnamese refugee community by claiming that Australia’s offshore resettlement policy for Vietnamese refugees was a success because it stopped deaths at sea. However, if we look at the statistics of those fleeing Vietnam in the 1970s, many more perished fleeing over land than by boat. Vietnamese Australian author Cat Thao Nguyen who launched her memoir, “We Are Here”, with RISE this month, has stated that “about 50% of the Vietnamese refugees who fled by boat in the 1970s died, while researchers estimated that only 10% of those who fled by land survived”.

“Rohingya Situation Statement on World Refugee Day” (19 June 2015)

Source ABRO,

We, Australian Burmese Rohingya Organization (ABRO) would like to raise serious concern over ongoing humanitarian crisis of Rohingya and Kaman of Arakan state.

For decades, Rohingyas have been oppressed, victimized, terrorized and forcefully expelled from homelands by the both government authorities and extremist Rakhine people. The campaigns of ethnic cleaning have been occurred in every power transition period of 1942, 1949, 1958-60, 1967, 1977-78, 1992 and latest 2012.1

Because of they are non-Buddhist the problems uprooted again and again and remain unsolved.

1942 campaign was led by Rakhine commissioner U Kyaw Khiang and instructed by Arakan state Tha-khin leaders after British forces handed the power to him. That caused total 294 Rohingyas villages destroyed, about 100,000 Rohingyas massacred and some 80,000 Rohingya uprooted to Raungpur refugee camp of Bangladesh.

1949: was led by Burma Territorial Forces which unleashed a reign of terror in North Arakan under the director of U Kyaw Oo, the firebrand Rakhine Deputy Commissioner of Akyab district. This pogrom escalated killing of hundreds of people and burning several villages, thousands of Rohingyas were homeless and nearly 50,000 had fled to the East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) and India. .

1958-60: 27 villages of Maungdaw northern side of Arakan State were uprooted by army led by Bo Tin Kyaw and drove the villagers into the then East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) and India. Later, the government reached the agreement to repatriate Rohigyas those fled However, those did manage to return were considered as illegal Pakistani immigrants and the properties and lands of all these refugees have been confiscated.

1967: began with slaughtering some Rohingyas captured outside and looting properties and seizing lands Southern Arakan.

1978: program was wide scope in Arakan and it degenerated into brutal abuses followed by arbitrary prosecutions, violences including rapes and vandalizing by both the army and local Rakhines.

Within 3 months over 300,000 Rohingyas crossed into Bangladesh where about 200,000 Rohingyas took shelter in makeshift camps erected by Bangladeshi government.

Most of them about 200,000 Rohingyans were forcefully repatriated after 9 months of arrival under the bilateral agreement singed on 9 July 1978. Half of those remained in Bangladesh travelled for other countries. The rest about 40,000 mostly women and children were died from illness and severe malnutrition after rations were cut to compel them to leave the refugee camps.

Because of bilateral agreement which did not meet intl standard, Rohingyas had to languish again without land and recognition of their status, as well as, various restrictions engaged upon their return. They had been randomly settled within Maungdaw township and desperately languished there.

By 1983, Gwa, Taungup, Tandwe and Ponnagyuan townships defined as muslim-free-zones by the government. It is tantamount to official killing license giving to Rakhines. Since then, muslims those captured in these regions are judged by Rakhine people. In this manner, hundred of muslims those found and captured in these regions were took over by Rakhine people and brutally killed.

1991: operation was introduced with inhumane physical abuses, executions, rapes, tortures and prosecutions including forced labour to build barracks and bamboo fences, new roads and bridges, dig environmental ponds and scout sentininel.

From May 1991 to the mid of 1992, about 270,000 Rohingya refugees were hosted in 20 refugee camps of Bangladesh.

Under bilateral agreement was signed between GoM and GoB, forceful deportation started with the title of repatriation from 1992 September regardless of the refugees’ dignity, rights and recognition guarantee.

The first group of 15,000 Rohingyans repatriated by Dec 1992 and dozens were also killed in clashes for military unit’s harshly intervention in deportation.

Second time, the UNHCR achieved agreement with GoB and repatriated 35,000 Rohingyans by Nov 1993 that enabled to close 3 camps.

Despite repatriated refugees turned back to Bangladesh, UNHCR upheld similar task and directly made agreement with GoM in order to repatriate large scale of remaining 190,000 Rohingya refugees with the date line- Dec 1995 and proclaimed that the situation in Arakan is conductive to return. As well as, Relief operations were suspended to compel refugees to leave the camps.

Most of repatriated Rohingya refugees turned back the second time into Bangladesh but they never approach to refugee camp for fear of similar forceful deportation..

From 8th June 2012, Total destruction across (13) different townships of Arakan state, reached at (97) mosques, about (23,000) houses from (95) villages. Death toll over 12,000 people and nearly 200,000 people displaced and number of arbitrary detention reached more than a thousand mainly from Maungdaw, Buthidaung and Sittwe townships. Despite the Thein Sein government of the so call ‘civilian’ has characterized the events as ‘communal violence, the government’s involvement and contributions into the crisis are very obvious;

  • Imposing Curfew and Order on to Rohingyas and Kamans and allowing Rakhine people freely to carry out various attacks, looting goods and cash and setting fires.
  • Allowing security forces to shoot the Rohingyas and Kamans, and not arresting a single armed Rakhine who are aggressively coming to attacks into Rohingya villages.
  • Seizing lands of Rohingyas which were burnt down and disposing them into concentration camps.
  • Blocking aid, rations and compelling to die from starvation and attacking aid workers.
  • Denial of the rights to have rights such as medicare, education, relocation, movement.
  • Thein Sein government asking the United Nation to relocate Rohingya in a third country.
  • Fabricating false news: the local Burmese news groups and anti-Rohingya bloggers reporting the way they like and playing a major role of bias through inciting anti-Rohingya propaganda and portraying Rohingyas as they want and providing reverse information.
  • Forcing to accept foreigner identity in the mid of humanitarian crisis. Rakhine RNDP party openly declared the bounty reward for every dead Rohingya. Forcing to sign the documents that describe as illegal immigrants that have no claim to Burmese citizenship.

There are total about 200,000 Rohingya, Kaman and Rakhine muslims people involving about 75,000 children displaced (of whom about 175,000) have been forced into concentration camps and the rest about a million are also in appalling conditions under confinement and facing constant abuses from June 2012. Displaced people about (110,000) are in 13 to 15 camps of outside Sittwe (Akyab) city and the rest about (65,000) those from other 8 regions are in 26 camps where aid-workers unreachable. They ending up in the modern day concentration camps and enduring with confinement, constant abuses with lack of medi-care and food supply that causes to reach the death toll 7 to 20 people mostly children and elderly people per month.

The government’s massive contribution into violences in Rakhine State that later spread to other parts of Burma with the lead of ex-prisoner monk Wirathu.

1) Six areas of Mandalay regions attacked, destroyed about 3,500 houses plus several mosques and displaced about 15,000 Muslims and killing more than a hundred, including mass killing of 36 mostly teenagers in the small town of Meiktila on 20 Mar 2013.

2) Attacks took placed across 8 townships of Pegu Regions but later most of those displaced were returned to their locations.

3) Attacks in Sagaing Regions displaced about 320 people after a mob burned homes on 24 August 2013.

4) Scattered attacks took placed in Yangon regions of Hlaing Tharyar, South Dagon, Tharkaytha townships. Arson attacks in Pebedan Madarasa killed 8 teachers and 28 students on 21 Mar 2013.

5) In Magwe regions: A mosque, houses and belongings of 10 Muslims were demolished in Kanma Township on 13th April 2012.

6) In Shan State: The attacks took place in Lashio destroyed the Myoma Mosque and estimated 5 Muslims have died and 30 houses were burnt down on the following day of Meiktila riot on 20 Mar 2013.

7) Kachin state: Attacks in Saitaung of Phakant township destroyed a few muslims’ houses and shops in the evening of about 2ndMay 2013 .

8) Chin state: A village of 17 families live in Paletwa township were also attacked by Rakhine gangs came from Rakhine state as a result of it’s situated along the Kaladen River connected to Arkan.

Barbaric actions of exclusion from national rights and Stripping of citizenship, looting properties and possessions, demolishing of historical existences and expulsion from their home lands by setting fire of houses, killing arbitrary and pushing into concentration camps and separation, forcing to become foreigner identity and driving into the sea, are very clear signs of genocide. The world’s mechanism and its leaders must react immediately to save these people from such terror state. Without removal of dictatorships particularly from central posts and the establishment of rights base constitution, it is not marching for democracy nor, transition but big illusion one.

Practically, it is not the 1982-citizenship laws that stripped off citizenship but the authority who are intentionally reluctant to access the Rohingya’s historical existence and ancestral evidence that prove primary evidence earlier than prior to 1824 and also not allowing to recourse the citizenship under new citizenship act. The fact is that after British occupation of Arakan in1824, the repatriated Rohingya war victims of 1784 and 1794 Burman king invasion of Arkan, were miscounted as British era settlers by central rulers.

Like in 1978 and 1992, after drove out of Rohingyans and Kamans from their ancestral homelands, the authorities tactically started collection of data and those forcefully repatriated under bilateral agreement were branded as Bengali so it could be accounted by exclusion of Rohingya into national census as a creation official evidence for national population history. Yet many new Burman scholars are relying on such fake resources.

Following intl pressures, the authorities are also forcing the Rohingyas and Kamans to accept unusual identity which is different to usual citizenship card. This unusual card is different colour and has not description of race and religion and considering not a citizen. When the Rohingya in the camp refused to sign the documents, the authority threatened the Rohingya and Kaman victims that no signing would no aid ever made it through the blockades again including aid from foreign organizations. Therefore, the citizenship verification process will not be free and fair unless monitor by international community.

It been more than 3 years on, the Rohingyas and Kamans of Arakan state (western Burma) are totally excluded from Burma and fell into the worst part of tragic like that happen over history; “APARTHEID, SLAVERY & RACISM, EXTERMINATION”..

In many location, the Rakhine authorities just allow to pass the limited food items to them so only those unwanted food items were distributed. Aid workers are yet facing various restrictions and instant threats for providing aid and distribution of rations to Rohingya and Kaman victims.

UN agencies and donor countries must ensure the food items to reach into the hands of victims. Meanwhile, the rations more than 100 bags of rice and other items with the brand mark of ‘TIKA’ donated by Turkey government were seized during Rakhine Insurgent members captured on 22nd of April 2015.2

They can’t wait any longer in such terror state and so about 10% of Rohingya and Kaman people involving women and kids have been fled into neighbouring countries from the beginning of violence, numbered about hundred thousand. Mostly fled into Bangladesh that includes about 2,000 of recent arrivals in Thai, Malaysia and Indonesian waters. We can’t figure how many have been captured and killed within Burma territory, how many lost life in the sea, how many trapped by human traffickers, how many still fleeing and where they are.

Recent raid on people smugglers in Southern Thailand and Northern Malaysia discovered the nearly 185 dead bodies mostly belong to Rohingya from several locations.

Today, Rohingya become Burma’s first refugees languished as unwanted in transit countries, numbering about; 40,000 Rohingyas including many in various slave labours in Thailand, 50,000 in Malaysia, more than 4,000 in Indonesia,

21 according to JRS3, more than 300,000 Rohingya refugees including about 40,000 living in UNHCR runs overcrowded squalid refugee camps of Kutupalong and Nayapara in southern district of Cox’s Bazar, about 1,500 Rohingya displaced in Hyderabad city came to appeared in India4, and about 500,000 arrived during 1942, 1978, 1992 and the majority living in Mecca’s slums of (Naqqasha and Kudai) and Jeddah of Saudi Arabia.

At the Oslo Conference to End Myanmar’s Persecution of Rohingyas held at the Norwegian Nobel Institute on 26 May 2015, has clearly indicated the elements of genocide.5

Under the objective to transform a complete Buddhism state, the country rulers, their authorities and majority of the people jointly terrorising the Rohingyans and Kamans and expelling from homelands. This must be stopped immediately.

Since the destruction, eradication and isolation and ban on livelihood and aid distribution of Rohingya victims are taking place, there is in need of militarily intervention and also for security and safety of the people it is required the UN to deploy peace keeping force and to take step to establish an independent state within Arkan state for these people.

Despite the central government has quieten the 55 million of people for five decades and yet instant arrest taking place for those impose threat, the central government does not prevent ongoing vigilant attacks by radical monks and Buddhist people against muslims by picking up of a hoax news or created one and the authorities are readily permitting for various protests against UN agencies and racial instigation propaganda.

Restriction and arrest of foreign journalists and corporal punishment of those speak to intl media or tourists. Activists, writers including non-Rohingyans like venerable monk Pinnyasiha and writter Htin Lin Oo who support Rohingya or speaking against racism, were jailed and ban from publicly speaking.

Surprisingly again in neighbouring countries, people those fled from genocide have been pushed back, sentenced on their landing, letting to fall into the hand of traffickers. These are in deed a breaches of Customary Laws and non-refoulement Laws.

Specially, the country Bangladesh has put the ban on aid distribution of Rohingya refugees in the camps and laws enforcement onto those live in rural areas. As well as, the arrests of individual aid workers and welfare workers. Moreover, the Bangladeshi government has planning to isolate Rohingya refugees by transferring to remote island. Such actions are inhumane and unacceptable even in religion norms. When the country Bangladesh itself rely on intl aid, it should not cut off of the other’ aid.

We also appeal the UNHCR in Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia to open the door for its refugees and recognize their plights, as well as, it must provide basic assistance and support for vulnerable groups such as elderly people, kids, single father/mother.

Historically, Burma’s minorities are continued to face vigilant attacks, extra-judicial killings, sexual abuses, arbitrary arrests and detention, inhumane tortures in every power transition period. The other hand, waging wars against Kachin, Karen, Shan and Chin minorities with disregard of cease-fire agreement.

Kachin state: By February 2013, internally displaced persons about 35,000 in Myitkyina (two camps in Jan Mai Kaung) and Waingmaw (Thargaya and Lavoa camps). Another about 40,000displaced are in KIA/KIO-controlled areas. (while people fleeing into China is not counted into.)

Chin state: Chin refugees seeking refuge in Delhi-India from the past decades and now living in tents left about 8,500 people.

Shan state: There are about 125,000 Shan displaced living along China border and some of them crossed into China. Many people still escaping months ago from clashes between the armed groups and government soldiers.

Karen and Mon states: More than 120,000 Karen, Kareni (Kayah) and some Mon people displaced internally.

Another about 200,000 mainly Karen, Karenni and Mon refugees took refuge in Thai-Burma border refugee camps and most of them been there from the past three decades. By the end of year 2013, about 80,000 refugees are still living in 10 refugee camps.

There are ongoing ethnic cleansing pogroms with the action of genocide and deprivation of rights. These are in deed a humanitarian disaster directly contributed by central government.

The current Rohingya genocide in Burma is a case in which different forces in society and politics have converged to create, basically, a living hell for this particular group.

Majority of Buddhist people believe Burma only belongs to them and democracy should only be available to them. Burmese rulers have continuously committing crimes against humanity and it has been over 3 years on, the government keeps the Arakan crisis alive in order to divert people’ attention from democratization and election.

Historically, such disaster could not ease by political dialogue or diplomatic engagement or simple sanctions. Despite aid and assistance very important for daily sustainable, and have been provided from around the world including Australia, such assistance is not a factor to solve the long running genocide of Rohingya.

Base on facts finding from the past genocide fields, what happening to Rohingya is a virtue sign of genocide and crime against humanity. This should not be compromised by opening of a few illusion progress such as releasing political prisoners, media freedom chapter.

We, ABRO therefore demand the following points;

1) United Nation to mandate to put effective resolution onto Burma to ease the crisis as soon as possible end persecution against minorities.

2) Britain, France, United States and its allies countries to use veto power to take appropriate action on to Burma rulers and military generals who committed crime against humanity and genocide.

3) OIC and its leaders, ASEAN leader countries to continuously provide assistance on the ground in Arkan and rescue Rohingya boat-people from the sea.

4) United Nation to protectorate the areas of where Rohingya and Kaman people living and deploy International Peace Keeping Forces on the ground and to emerge for establishment of an Independent State within Arakan State.

5) United Nation agencies to exercise its power in distribution of aid to displaced victims of Rohingyans and Kamans on the ground and monitor citizenship verification process.

6) UNCHR to open its registration for Rohingya refugee boat-people and recognize them as refugee and include equal number in resettlement quota.

7) We also urge International Crisis Group to forfeit the Top Award prize given to Thein Sein in the end of 2012.

Australia as a member of UNSC and signatory country to 1951 Refugee Convention, we Rohingya people in Australia kindly appeal to the Australian government to take part in taking action against Burma and its rulers and to give a hand to rescue Rohingya people from genocide and those from the sea.

This is the statement of question about 3 million displaced people who suffer every moment for years on and their dreadful situation could not be enough to express by words. We therefore hopping that the world leaders would save our Rohingya and Kaman people from ongoing genocide and other displaced people of Chin, Kachin, Karen and Shan from other parts of Burma.





5Myanmar’s Genocide of Rohingya, Quintana, Penny Green and Zarni, at the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo, Norway on 26 May 2015

Bruneian brings aid to Rohingya

Source Asiaone, 19 June

Hj Roslan Hj Mustafa (L) met with ERCAM’s chairman, Mohd Rafiq Khairul Bashar (R), who shared ERCAM’s financial struggles in supporting the centre and the children.

Photo: Hj Roslan Hj Mustafa

The Brunei Times/ANN | Rasidah Hab | Friday, Jun 19, 2015

Friday, Jun 19, 2015

BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN – A local man came home with greater humility and sense of humanity upon his return from handing over donations for Rohingya refugees in Malaysia.

On June 10, Hj Roslan Hj Mustafa, a former paramedic, and his nephew travelled to Malaysia, where some 30,000 Rohingya refugees are taking refuge under the auspices of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The two returned to Brunei a week later.

"We have social media groups amongst families members and friends, where we agreed to contribute what we can to those in need," he said in an interview with The Brunei Times.

The contribution was only collected from family members and close friends. The donation was not open to the public.

The contribution comprised 14 cartons of baby formula, feeding bottles and women sanitary products. Hj Roslan said the items were specifically requested by Islamic Relief Malaysia (IRM) as they were in need of these items.

The cash donation was also used to buy food items.

"We used the money collected to purchase the essential items in shops in Kedah," he said.

The UN and world human rights groups consider the Rohingya the most vulnerable and persecuted community in the world. Millions of Rohingya refugees have fled to neighbouring countries following a crackdown by the Myanmar government.

Hj Roslan said after watching the news of the conditions and sufferings that the Rohingya Muslims had to endure, he could not stand idle and let it happen without doing anything.

"That is why I represented my family and close friends to contribute what we can. We collaborated with IRM to execute our mission, however our contribution was small if compared to the assistance that they need," he said.

Hj Roslan arrived in Selangor on June 12 and there he meet up with representatives from the IRM.

The group left for Kedah after Maghrib prayers and arrived at their hotel around 1am. Hj Roslan expressed his gratitude to IRM for providing him with the logistics throughout his stay in Kedah.

On June 14, they went to Belantik Immigration Depot in Kedah which housed the Rohingyas, to hand over the donations. He wanted to see for himself that the amanah (trust) entrusted to him by all the donors reached those who needed it.

"I did not get to meet them (the Rohingya) while at the Belantik Immigration Depot due to security reasons. I cannot imagine the challenges that they faced (to come here)," he said.

During his visit, Hj Roslan also had the opportunity to visit one of the schools set up especially for children of Rohingya refugees.

Ethnic Rohingya Committee of Arakan Malaysia (ERCAM) set up the Knowledge Garden Learning Centre in 2013 to enable the children to receive proper education.

The centre is situated at Seri Kembanga, Selangor Darul Ehsan and houses 110 students. They are given a formal education and learned Bahasa Malaysia, English, Mathematics and Science and Religious Studies.

The school has five full time teachers. The children come from areas such as Seri Kembangan, Serdang, Kajang and Cheras.

At the centre, Hj Roslan met with ERCAM’s chairman, Mohd Rafiq Khairul Bashar who shared their financial struggles in supporting the centre and the children.

Hj Roslan said many more children could not afford to go to the centre due to distance and financial problems. At the centre, he took the opportunity to mingle with the children.

"They have five classes in one place. The youngest student is four years old and the oldest is 12 years old. The centre is also home to eight orphans. It is facing financial problems and relies on donation to sustain its daily operations."

After seeing for himself the condition of the centre, Hj Roslan raised the possibilities of future donation plans for the centre. He said it was a motivation for them to help and the support from his family and friends so far had been more than what he imagined.

In February, Hj Roslan also helped handover donations from families and friends for flood victims in Malaysia.

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