Monthly Archives: September 2013

3 Foreign Journalists Followed to Australia by Boat


By Charles,

A boat load of about 65 asylum-seekers and 3 foreign journalists had been intercepted in Australian waters near by Christmas Island on last Thursday.

According to a reliable source, most of them are Burmese nationals departed after several months languished in Indonesia. The 3 journalists having valid visa and believed to be from England and France, followed along the journey in order to discover the risk and the surreptitious lives of unwanted refugee boat people.

The source also confirmed that the journalists ‘ belongings including camera and recording devices were seized by Australian authority and separated from asylum-seekers.

Restriction of media is also practice across Australian detentions on various grounds therefore no media has able to report this story and also about ongoing abusive detention system against asylum-seekers as well..

Comment: Where to now for asylum policy under Abbott?


Source SBS, 13 Sept The new immigration minister, Scott Morrison, inherits a portfolio that is in disarray. There are tens of thousands of asylum seekers already in Australia who have made an application for a Protection Visa, but who have not had their claim considered.

asylum_seekers_indonesia_getty_130913.jpg?itok=YArthRQq

By Alex Reilly

Asylum seeker policy experienced a rush of activity in the lead-up to the election. Behind the Abbott government’s bold promise to “stop the boats” in its first term of government is a series of specific proposals – some adopted from Labor, and some of the Coalition’s own creation.

The new immigration minister, Scott Morrison, inherits a portfolio that is in disarray. There are tens of thousands of asylum seekers already in Australia who have made an application for a Protection Visa, but who have not had their claim considered at first instance by the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC). They are in various forms of detention or in the community on bridging visas with no rights to work.

Processing

The government has promised to fast-track the resolution of these claims by removing the opportunity to have initial decisions reviewed in Refugee Review Tribunal (RRT), and removing judicial review to the Federal Court. Instead there will be a second departmental review, after which unsuccessful applicants will be removed from Australia. The government has also promised to stop funding immigration advice for asylum seekers, meaning fewer asylum seekers are likely to be represented when presenting their case to migration officers.

The removal of these legal and administrative rights has been the subject of considerable criticism in legal circles. If these rights are in fact removed, more cases are likely to end up in the High Court. This is a poor policy outcome. Despite its pre-election position, we are likely to see a continuation of judicial review in the Federal Court, if not access to merits review in the RRT.

In the last few years, the overturn rate of initial decisions in the RRT for asylum seekers arriving by boat has been about 80%. There is an ongoing debate about whether initial decisions are too harsh, or the tribunal is too soft. However, there can be no doubt that many, if not the majority, of the decisions overturned will have been wrongly decided at first instance. Removing the opportunity to seek review in the RRT means that the rate of acceptance of claims is likely to drop dramatically.

The positive side of the new application process is that the government should be able to work through the backlog of claims more quickly, and those who are granted a protection visa will get out of detention or off bridging visas more quickly. The negative side is that more genuine refugees will have their claims rejected, and will be returned to a country where their lives are in danger.

Return to TPVs

Those who are successful in their claims will only be eligible for a Temporary Protection Visa (TPV). These visas last for three years, after which refugees have to apply for a further TPV on the basis that they continueto fear persecution in their country of origin.

TPVs have been heavily criticised on a range of grounds. TPVs come with work rights, but it is harder to find work when a TPV holder can only guarantee their availability to work for 3 years. TPVs do not allow refugees to sponsor their family to join them, or to leave the country to visit family without losing their visa. This encourages those family members themselves to seek to get to Australia by boat.

Research shows that refugees who receive a TPV demonstrate increased anxiety, depression and overall distress as they try to cope with their isolated state of legal limbo. If TPVs are introduced we are likely to see an ongoing debate about their cruelty.

Regional resettlement

The Coalition inherits the PNG arrangement from Labor. This policy is highly unstable. There is a legal challenge in the High Court to the validity of the arrangement. If the arrangement survives this, it is still unclear how many asylum seekers the PNG government will be willing or able to resettle in PNG should they be found to be refugees on Manus Island. It is also unclear what rights refugees will have in PNG, and what assistance (if any) the Australian government will provide to assist with the housing, education and employment of these refugees.

Scott Morrison, the likely new immigration minister, has promised a ‘harder line’ on boat arrivals under a Coalition government. AAP/David Crosling

The Coalition also inherits the other part of the Pacific solution – detention and processing of asylum seekers on Nauru. Prior to the election, the Coalition promised to build a “tent city” for up to 5000 refugees to live on Nauru on modest welfare payments until a permanent solution can be found for them.

The Nauru and PNG arrangements constitute an ambitious legal, social and cultural experiment that sounded decisive in the heat of an election campaign, but will prove difficult to implement in practice. As criticism from the international community mounts and stories of poor conditions in detention and psychological trauma of detainees increase, these arrangements could unravel quickly.

Stopping the boats

The part of asylum seeker policy in which the Coalition differs most markedly from Labor is its determination to take direct action to stop the boats. This includes allocating A$420 million to pay Indonesian villagers for information, to buy unseaworthy boats, to boost the number of AFP officers working overseas, and to provide more funds for Australia’s border protection fleet.

The idea is to stop boats leaving Indonesia in the first place. For boats that do leave, the Coalition has promised that it will turn them back where it is feasible, and if it is not, the people on the boats will be transferred to Nauru or Manus Island for processing of their refugee claims.

These “buy back” and “push back” policies are the most politically sensitive of the government’s asylum seeker policies. They will result in illegal migrants remaining in or being returned to Indonesia purely to advance Australia’s national self-interest. One of the reasons the Indonesian governments has tolerated illegal entry of asylum seekers is that they make onward journeys to Australia.

For the Indonesian government to accept the push back policies, there will need to be some considerable payback, whether it be through offering more places in Australia’s resettlement program for refugees in Malaysia and Indonesia, or through contributing financial resources to finding other durable solutions for this refugee population.

If this analysis is correct, the new government’s preference for reducing the annual humanitarian intake to 13,000 from its current level of 20,000 seems misguided. In order to “stop the boats”, the government would be well advised to significantly increase the numbers in the humanitarian program and direct many of those extra places to resettlement of refugees in Malaysia and Indonesia. Expect there to be a debate about numbers in the humanitarian program early in the Coalition’s first term.

A concerning aspect of the government’s policy is its declaration that it will no longer release the numbers of boat arrivals, as this is considered “an operational decision, as part of Operation Sovereign Borders, for the three-star military officer”. This seems a surprising policy decision given that the government has staked its reputation on stopping the boats, and the best measure of success is the number of boats arriving. It is to be hoped that the decision not to freely release information on boat arrivals is not an attempt to avoid public scrutiny of its handling of asylum seeker policy, and in particular, the engagement of the navy in turning back boats.

The role of the media and concerned voices in parliament will be crucial to keeping the asylum seeker policy in the public eye where it can remain part of democratic deliberation.

Alex Reilly does not work for, consult to, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has no relevant affiliations.

UPP Detain 65 Myanmar Illegal Immigrants On Three Buses


Source Bernama,
KOTA BAHARU, Sept 8 ( Bernama) — The Anti- Smuggling Unit (UPP) detained 65 Myanmar illegal immigrants travelling on three express buses in Kuala Krai and Pasir Mas early this morning.

Kelantan UPP Commander Rusli Karim said the illegal immigrants from the Klang Valley and Kuala Lumpur were believed headed for the border town of Rantau Panjang.

In the first raid at 3.30am, the raiding team stopped two buses in Kuala Krai and detained eight men from the first bus. They detained 25 men and four women from the second bus.

Rusli said 25 men and three women were detained in the third raid on a bus at Simpang Repek, Jalan Pasir Mas-Rantau Panjuang at 6am.

"All the Myanmar nationals did not possess identification papers," he told a press conference here today.

They were detained under the Immigration Act and if found guilty, may be fined not less than RM10,000 or jailed not less than five years or both or not more than six strokes.

Rusli believed that the Myanmar nationals were trying to leave this country to escape the big operation against illegal immigrants under the 6P programme starting Sept 1.

"We are trying to track down individuals involved in people smuggling along the Malaysia-Thailand order from Tumpat to Jeli.

"Bus companies are also being investigated for fear that they are used as tool to transport illegal immigrants," he added.

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